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This site is for thoughtful Christians learning how to answer the hard questions people are asking today
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Were Bible creation 'days' 24 hours?

Young earth or old earth?

Dinosaurs and early life on earth
PURPOSE: Helping Christians engage in intelligent conversations with doubters and unbelievers
Bible creation questions

QUESTIONS

discussed on this page

Tough questions people are asking about the 'days' of God's creation:

Does the Bible say that the earth and everything in it was created in six 24-hour calendar days?

How could vegetation be growing in Day 3 but the sun didn't come until Day 4?

Are science claims and Bible claims incompatible with respect to early life on earth?

Does the Bible say anything about dinosaurs and hominids?

Can a Christian believe in evolution of any kind?

How can a Christian give an intelligent and compelling biblical answer to people who think that Christians – and the Bible – are flat-out wrong in saying that nothing on earth is older than about 6,000 years (time of Adam)?

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WHY THIS MATTERS

Bible credibility and Christian witness

Time statements can be tested

The primary reason why getting it right about geological time is important is that it reflects on credibility of the Bible in the minds of educated people.

Man thinking about Bible credibility

People will think that if the Bible is wrong about when life began, the Bible is probably wrong about other matters, too.

If the Bible isn't trustworthy regarding our origin, it's not trustworthy regarding our destiny either.

There are two ways that God reveals truth to us: Nature (general revelation) and the Bible (special revelation).

What God reveals in nature cannot contradict what He reveals in Scripture, and vice versa, because God does not contradict Himself.

Here we encounter the word 'day' (of creation), which for many people causes a major contradiction between science and the Bible. Either (a) science is wrong or (b) the Bible is wrong, or (c) our interpretation of the Bible is wrong.

Which is it? Finding the answer is the purpose of this Bible study.

'DAY' MEANS AN AGE

confusion by translation of Hebrew word 'yō·wm'

Big problem is caused by interpretation of 'day' (Hebrew yō·wm)

The young-earth concept – that the earth is less than 10,000 years old – is totally out of synch with modern science due to misunderstanding of the single Hebrew word yō·wm, which is translated 'day' in English translations of the Bible.

Finding Hebrew word for 'day' in the Bible

See Bible study here for 10 reasons why yō·wm means a long time. That study shows, right from the Bible itself, directly from the Genesis 1 creation account, that the word yō·wm should be understood to mean a long indefinite period of time.

In most instances in the Bible, yō·wm means a 24-hour period simply because that's the most common subject of conversation. But yō·wm is a flexible word so that, when the conversation is about a long indefinite period of time, the word is understood to refer to a long time.

Yō·wm is used in the Hebrew language the same way as we use 'day' in the English language.

'Day' to us usually means 24 hours, but sometimes we say things like, 'In the day of sailing ships ...' or 'In his day ...' or 'This is the day of social media ...' The reader knows from the context what we mean.

Here's how yō·wm is used in another passage in the Old Testament:

'The day of building your walls will come, the day for extending your boundaries. In that day people will come to you from Assyria and the cities of Egypt ...'  – Micah 7:11

Obviously, 'day' (yō·wm) in this passage means more than 24 hours. Tap here to see the word in the original Hebrew text. So the questions is: Why do some Christians say that yō·wm as used in Micah 7 can mean a long indefinite period of time but the same word cannot have that meaning in Genesis 1? There is no reasonable answer.

Many Bible manuscripts and translations are now online

The Bible is its own best interpreter. To read the Bible objectively – to distinguish what the Bible actually says from what a particular tradition says – it is important to read related passages together from several different translations of the original Hebrew or Greek text.

Fortunately, today's Internet gives everyone instant access to a vast library of Bible documents without registration or cost. For depth of study, you can read the Bible from interlinear versions from Hebrew-to-English or Greek-to-English, and for breadth of study, you can read the Bible in parallel from dozens of English side-by-side versions.

This makes it possible for people today to read and understand the Bible themselves rather than just accept what others say about it.

Church creeds usually overpower new knowledge

Centuries ago, the young-earth concept became a part of church creeds. For example, the Westminister Confession (written 1647 but still extensively used) states that the earth was created 'in the space of six days.'

Whenever a concept becomes embedded in the formal doctrine of church denominations and seminaries, it becomes heresy within that group to even question it, even in light of new knowledge, and the doctrine is defended based on tradition rather than what the Bible actually says.

See information here about how we can understand the Bible better today than at any other time in history because we now have a massive amount of scholarly information from manuscripts, linguistics, archaeology, and science not available to early church fathers.

We see real age, not apparent age

Some Christians say that the earth is not actually old but 'just looks old,' that it was created less than 10,000 years ago but with built-in apparent age.

They say that God created mature mountains and trees and created Adam as a full-grown man, everything at various stages of its life cycle, and therefore scientific dating methods mean nothing.

See discussion here about flaws in the 'apparent age' theory. The theory is incompatible with God's character. God is not deceptive.

GOD'S SIX DAYS OF CREATION

'day' is more than 24 hours

Genesis 1:3-31

Creation Order

DAY 1 – Light
'In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the face of the deep, and the spirit of God was hovering over the waters.' – Genesis 1:1-2

THEN GOD SAID
: 'Let there be light, and there was light.' – Genesis 1:3

God's first creation was light, the primary requirement for life. Light is so amazing that it cannot be defined by anything other than itself. See list here showing 14 attributes of light, both physically and spiritually.

About nine billion years passed between Genesis 1:2 and Genesis 1:3.

The Biblical account of creation is seen from the perspective of earth. The universe is about fourteen billion years old, but the sun is only about five billion years, and the earth is about four and a half billion.

Because earth's intense heat and dense cloud cover, the earth has been in darkness for most of its existence.

DAY 2 – Water and air
GOD SAID: 'Let there be an expanse between the waters ... so God separated the water under the expanse from the water above it.' – Genesis 1:6-7

The enormous cloud of cooling gasses and dust collapsed over the first nine billion years to form a crust on the molten rock of planet earth.

Violent collisions with comets and asteroids and condensing steam brought water, eventually covering the crust. God created an atmosphere ('expanse') of life-sustaining air between ocean and cloud, the expanse of space in which He would create life.

The atmosphere makes earth habitable by absorbing ultraviolet radiation from the sun to warm the earth's surface, bringing rain for vegetation and air for breathing.

DAY 3 – Land, life and vegetation
GOD SAID: 'Let dry ground appear ... let the land produce vegetation.' – Genesis 1:9-11

As temperature changed on the earth's surface, the thickening crust (floating on molten rock) began cracking, shifting and buckling. Parts of the crust were thrust above water to form dry land.

At first, there was total darkness on earth, but eventually light began to glow through the dense cloud cover and support simple organic life.

Starting with single cell organisms fed by photosynthesis and water, the food chain began in the sea and land about four billion years ago.

The Biblical account of creation is seen from the human perspective of land on earth. First life on earth was tiny organisms like bacteria. Then vegetation started at the edges of water and land, spreading and expanding in water and on land. Ancient people would not have understood micro organisms and biological processes, so the Bible skips directly to vegetation they knew.

DAY 4 – Direct sunlight
GOD SAID: 'Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky ... let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years ... God made two great lights – the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars.' – Genesis 1:14-16

All celestial bodies were created from the Big Bang, starting as formless spinning gasses, too hot for light to penetrate. It took billions of years for them to merge, cool, solidify and achieve stable orbits.

Eventually there were breaks in the thinning clouds so that the sun, moon and stars became visible from human vantage point. Light existed before Day 4, but the sun had been obscured by dense cloud cover and unable to provide the direct sunlight needed for rapid growth of plants and trees, growing seasons, bird migrations and ultimately for human navigation and schedules.

For centuries the Bible's creation order was used by critics as irrefutable proof that the Bible is not trustworthy. They said it is impossible to have light (Day 1) and organic growth (Day 3) before sun (Day 4). But now that we understand the Big Bang – that most of earth's life has been clouded by vaporized gasses – the creation order shows that the Bible is trustworthy. No writer three thousand years ago could have possibly known this modern science without some direct knowledge from the designer/creator.

DAY 5 – Fish and birds
GOD SAID: 'Let the water team with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the sky ... So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems ... and every winged bird ... God blessed them and said, Be fruitful and increase in number ...' – Genesis 1:20-22

With direct sunlight, vegetation proliferated, especially in water, and became an abundant food source for new categories of life – fish and birds – which God created about 500 million years ago.

The above verses in Genesis do not preclude the likelihood that there were already some very simple forms of marine and avian life (as plankton and flying insects). The main point here seems to be that God created an enormous number of new creatures – large complex creatures – all with capacity to move about freely, unlike the stationary life of prior life forms, and God caused them to proliferate rapidly.

This is what scientists call the Cambrian explosion, the quick appearance of a massive amount of new life forms about 500 million years ago. Darwin said that the Cambrian explosion is his own biggest problem with his own theory of evolution. He was perplexed to acknowledge that so many new species of life could appear almost at once.

About 250 million years ago, a new kind of creature appeared, the dinosaurs. We know from archaeology that there were more than 700 species of dinosaurs of all sizes and types – from five pounds to fifty tons – some walked, some swam, some flew – and they dominated the earth for 175 million years.

Scientists now believe that modern birds are descendants of small avian dinosaurs that escaped the mass extinction 66 million years ago. All non-flying dinosaurs and three-fourths of all other species of life on earth were killed in that extinction, caused by an enormous meteorite about six miles wide crashing into the ocean near the Yucatan Peninsula, resulting in scorching fires, radioactivity, volcanic eruptions and sun hidden by dust.

Dinosaurs were the dominant part of God's creation in Day 5, but the Bible never mentions them, probably because they went extinct and no one in Bible times could comprehend the time scale or believe that these creatures actually existed.

In Day 5, there was extensive evolution and proliferation of fish and birds throughout the earth, expanding the food chain, getting ready for animals and humans in the next stage of life.

In each successive day, new life forms become more complex: In Day 3, life from seeds ... in Day 5, life from eggs ... in Day 6, live births.

DAY 6 – Animals and humans
GOD SAID: 'Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals ... God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them.' – Genesis 1:24-27

Shortly after the great extinction 66 million years ago, God created a new kind of creature – animals – adapted to the new environment.

Then, about four million years ago – very recent in geological time – God created a very unique kind of intelligent bipedal creatures known as hominids and hominins, with physical form very similar to today's apes and humans, all having 95-97% identical DNA.

The last known hominin population (Neanderthals) was in Europe and vanished suddenly about 30,000 years ago.

The Bible never mentions hominins, probably because they went extinct and because few people in Bible times could comprehend a time span of millions of years or believe that soulless creatures looking somewhat like humans actually existed. The Bible account goes direct from animals to humans.

Archaeological digs reveal the first evidence of humans about 40,000 years ago. Hominins and humans may have coexisted at one time, and apparently there was some interbreeding because today Europeans and Asians have approximately 2% Neanderthal DNA, but other groups have little or none. This low percentage is further evidence that humans did not evolve from hominins.

God said: 'Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move upon the ground.'

The concluding act of the six days (ages) of creation was creation of humans, made in the likeness of God, not evolved, created with capacity to have a relationship with God and to rule the earth – the crowning jewel of God's creation!

DAY 7 – Pause / present time
BIBLE SAYS: 'Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array ... And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy [worthy of honor], because on it he rested [paused] from all the work of creating he had done.' – Genesis 2:1-3

A concluding statement is used to end each of the six days of creation – 'And there was evening, and there was morning – the [number] day' – but not used for the seventh day of rest, meaning that this day has not yet ended. We are still in the seventh day (age).

God is not making new creations during this pause, but procreation and evolution within categories continues. God has equipped humans with a unique body, mind and soul to rule the earth and do creative work to further fashion life on earth.

Other portions of the Bible tell us that in a future day (age), God will take back rule of the earth from humans and will resume new creative work here ... a new heaven and a new earth ... (see 3.4).

Bible gives order, but silent about time

The Bible gives the order of first appearance of earth's life forms but does not give actual times or time spans.

The essential order is summarized in the table above and is confirmed by cosmologists, geologists, biologists, and archaeologists.

This order is not intuitive, so the ancient writer of Genesis could not have known God's method and sequence more than three thousand years ago without special knowledge direct from God.

Now modern science is filling in the time blanks, and a re-reading of the creation story opens our eyes to a new understanding of God's unfolding master plan.

In Genesis 1, each stage of creation is called a 'day.' In the Hebrew language in which the original biblical account was written, the word translated 'day' is 'yom' (pronounced like home). Just as in English, Hebrew 'yom' usually means a 24-hour period but can also mean an indefinite time period, depending upon context.

In 2 Peter 3:8, the Apostle acknowledges that day can be used as a time variable: 'But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.'

DEEPER STUDY

why 'day' is more than 24 hours

See a related Bible study for greater depth

See the Bible study Creation 'day' not 24 hours on this site to drill deeper into understanding whether the Hebrew word yō·wm (translated 'day' in English) means a 24-hour calendar period or a long indefinite period of time.

Bible creation day is longer than 24 hours

That study shows from the Bible itself that yō·wm as used in the original Hebrew documents means a long indefinite period of time.

That study shows that the repetitive phrase 'And there was evening, and there was morning' are Hebrew markers for start and finish.

That study shows that the Bible does not compel a six-day interpretation. One person studying the Bible can conclude that God created the universe in six 24-hour days. Another person studying the Bible can conclude that God created the universe over billions of years. The Bible's description of creation is broad enough to accommodate both interpretations.

That study shows relevant Bible verses and commentary, including these points:

  • Takes longer than 24 hours to produce vegetation (Genesis 1:11-12)
  • No 24-hour measurement until Day 4 (Genesis 1:14-19)
  • Seventh day still open and longer than 24 hours (Genesis 2:2)
  • Too much animal reproduction for 24 hours (Genesis 1:24 and 2:19)
  • Day is used in creation account as both definite and indefinite (Genesis 2:4)
  • Adam did not die that 'day' (Genesis 2:16)
  • Consistent interpretation (Genesis 3:7)

EVOLUTION ONLY WITHIN CATEGORIES

man is not an evolved animal

NO
Bible: Man not created from apes

Evolution needs definition

'Evolution' is an emotionally charged word for some Christians. It frequently implies a universe that happened by itself from nothing without God, with man being an evolved animal as illustrated above, and as taught universally in public schools and universities.

Actually, 'evolution' in its generic sense is just a word that means the process of gradual change that takes place over vast numbers of generations – within God's creation – during which species of plants and animals slowly arise, change physical characteristics and eventually die out, all within walled categories and all according to God's dynamic design plan.

The term becomes emotionally charged and offensive when people expand the meaning to include 'godless.' Therefore, the word's use requires a good definition.

Survey findings

Summary of a recent national Gallup poll on this subject:

'Forty percent of U.S. adults ascribe to a strictly creationist view of human origins, believing that God created them in their present form within roughly the past 10,000 years. However, an increasing majority of Americans believe that humans evolved over millions of years – either with God's guidance (33%) or, increasingly, without God's involvement at all (22%).'

Basically, there are two principal ways to categorize evolution:

  • Godless evolution: God has no part in it. Life just happened by itself from nothing, without design, by random chance and survival of the fittest.
  • Theistic evolution: The method and timing used by God to form his creation in stages over long periods of time. Belief in theistic evolution does NOT diminish God as designer/creator and does NOT change Christology (birth, life, teaching, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.)

And, there are two views within theistic evolution:

  • Single-cell evolution: All life started from a single cell organism that has evolved over a long period of time into all life forms.
  • Evolution only within categories: There is abundant evolution within each major category of life, but a life form in one category never morphs into a life form in another category. There are no in-between life forms. Humans are a unique creation and did not evolve from animals or any common ancestor.

This site finds strong evidence for theistic evolution within categories.

Certainly, God is powerful enough to create all of life from a single cell OR from creations within categories. The issue is not what God is able to do, but rather what God actually did, as best we can understand it.

How much evolution?

More than 99% of all species that have ever lived on earth are estimated to have died out. This is clearly evident from archaeological finds and modern knowledge of biology, and we observe hundreds of species dying out every year.

Evolution is a fact of life. Even the staunchest traditional Christians acknowledge that at least some degree of evolution is at work in nature around us, regarded at least as 'micro evolution,' which operates within sub-classifications of plants and animals.

Some degree of evolution is indisputable, but how much?

From common-sense observation alone, we see that evolution occurs within various categories of life ... but a life form in one category never evolves into a life form in another category.

Walled categories

Genesis 1 shows where the evolution lines are drawn, corresponding to the 'days,' as diagrammed here.

Graph of God's six day creation categories

Each category is more profound than the one that precedes it ... at first, no life; then life ... reproduction from seeds, then eggs, then live birth ... and ultimately humans, with spiritual life in addition to physical life. Each category is necessary in the food chain for support of the next category.

Common observation confirms that a stone never turns into a bush ... a bush never turns into a fish ... a fish never turns into a bird ... a bird never turns into an animal ... an animal never turns into a human.

The categories are walled. There is evolution within categories, but not between categories.

Humans are becoming larger, stronger, and smarter but are not evolving into another life form. The Bible says that the six 'days' (stages) of creation have ended. Humans are God's final crowning earthly creation.

The only thing higher for us is eternal life in a new and better realm of existence, offered through Jesus, as explained throughout this site.

Humans are a unique creation

The qualities that most separate humans from animals are NOT evolutionary, such as laughter, music, art, mathematics, language, and worship. These qualities are unique to humans, created into us, not evolved into us, and not found in any other creatures.

Man (generic) is not an improved animal. Genesis 1:26 says that God made man in His own image, and we have some God-like attributes.

Mirroring God, man is a type of trinity: body (physical), soul (mind, will, and emotion), and spirit (connection with God) – three in one – to be studied later in Topic 2.4.

Evolutionary theory is limited to the body and has no way of coping with soul and spirit ... no way of dealing with the total person.

TIME PERSPECTIVE

everything is always changing

Plate tectonics and glaciers / slow evolution

Plate tectonics. Some things are so large that we don't think of them as evolving. The surface of the earth, for example, is slowly and constantly being reshaped by tectonic plates of solid rock crust 5-20 miles thick, floating on molten rock. The sheets collide, cause earthquakes, reshape continents and form mountains. The plates move over vast distances, but at a speed of only an inch or two per year.

Glaciers. There have been at least five major ice ages on earth. The last one began about 110,000 years ago and ended about 15,000 years ago. Even now, 10% of the world's land surface is still covered by glaciers.

Arctic glaciers slid down past the Great Lakes, scarring the landscape and leaving lakes, rivers and moraines after the melt.

There is so much evidence for the times and effects of plate tectonics and glaciers that no informed person doubts that they actually happened. Any claim that the universe is less than 10,000 years old, and that all this happened in one week's time, is ludicrous to well-educated people.

It makes God too small and blunts Christian witness when people try to shrink God's limitless time into puny calendar time just to defend a misleading translation of a single Hebrew word in the Bible.

Bacteria and viruses / fast evolution

Just as evolution works on huge things like tectonic plates and glaciers, so it works on small things like bacteria and coronavirus.

There are now about 10 million species of life on earth that can be seen with the naked eye, but when microorganisms are taken into account, researchers say that the earth might be home to a staggering one trillion species.

Bacteria. Bacteria are the smallest – and perhaps the oldest – organisms on earth. They are single cell, too small to see without a microscope. Bacteria are everywhere, including soil and air. There about 10 trillion bacteria in the human body, and they evolve (mutate) rapidly. Most bacteria are good for the body and essential for human survival, but some (we call them germs) are bad.

Covid-10 and Bible: an example of fast evolution

Viruses. Even more amazing are viruses, some good, some bad. Unlike bacteria, they do not reproduce by themselves, but quickly evolve into new forms so that, upon entering a host cell (as a human body), a bad virus can cause the cell to reproduce the intruder's DNA or RNA, resulting in serious infection and disease, and sometimes death, for the host.

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses – including MERS-CoV, SARS-Cov and COVID-19 – that evolve rapidly and can appear suddenly as new deadly species.

For most people, the most disastrous world-changing event in our lifetime thus far is COVID-19 ... the rapid evolution of a single microscopic virus. Pandemic is a current example of evolution.

God's timing

Genesis 1:1-2 says that, at first, the earth was formless, empty, and dark. Now it has form, content, and light. Therefore, we know from the Bible that the earth was NOT created instantly in its present form. Enormous changes have occurred over time in the earth's structure and content.

This Bible study does not raise any questions about whether or not God is creator of the universe. It didn't happen by itself. God made it!

The only questions raised here are about God's methods and timing, which do not in any way alter the New Testament gospel message. They are raised only because a wrong interpretation of a single Hebrew word (yō·wm) is now repelling people from the gospel message.

An informed interpretation of the word yō·wm reconciles God's word (Bible) with God's world (science) and removes a huge barrier to faith.

Bible shows big picture

The biblical account of the six 'days' of creation is short and simple, all in the first chapter of Genesis. It was written for and by ancient people who had no understanding of modern science.

The story speaks only about things that were known and observed by them at that time. For example, oceans, lakes, rivers and streams were teeming with plankton then as now, a primary essential ingredient in the marine food chain, but because most plankton can be seen only under a microscope, ancients had no idea of their existence, so the Bible makes no mention of plankton.

Likewise, the Bible makes no mention of dinosaurs. Ancient people would have had no comprehension of those creatures. They have been revealed to us only recently by archaeology and modern science.

The Bible story tells just enough to make the point that God created the earth in six distinct stages.

But even with access to today's vast scientific knowledge, a recent Gallup Poll shows that the majority of weekly church attenders still believe that each stage of creation was exactly 24-hours, everything happening in one particular week, less than 10,000 years ago.

These same people usually have no trouble believing that continents were formed by shifting tectonic plates (extremely long time!) and that much of the earth's surface was carved by glaciers (extremely long time!). How can they then say that all this happened in one week relatively recently? This kind of thinking is a conundrum for doubters and unbelievers.

Some Christians dodge the issue by saying that God just created things to look old, but see reasons here for flaws in 'apparent age' theory .

People who squeeze God's majestic creation into six calendar days create unnecessary contradictions and barriers to Christian faith.
FOUR REASONS
humans were created unique, not evolved
✓  REASON 1. Bible says humans unique
The Genesis account specifically names humans as a separate category of creation, made in the image of God, with moral and spiritual consciousness, and possibility of eternal life. The gap between animals and humans is enormous, not even close! Genesis 1 defines the boundaries for evolution.
✓  REASON 2. Missing links
There are no part-way creatures bridging the categories. If there were evolution from a single cell all the way to man, there would be abundant links, half-way creatures at borders of the main categories. The links are missing, even after centuries of archaeology and scientific search, affirming that there is no cross-over.
✓  REASON 3. Human qualities not evolutionary
The qualities that most separate humans from animals – as laughter, music, art, mathematics, language and worship – are NOT EVOLUTIONARY.
✓  REASON 4. Common sense
All common-sense observation and empirical evidence lead to the conclusion that humans are a unique creature, not an improved animal.
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 How long was a 'day' in the Bible creation story?
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Just another Satanic attempt to change God's WORD. More likely made up of Liberal Kids that don't know any better.
I am a person that right now I don't practice any religion whatsoever. Very interesting, thank you
Mainstream science is wrong about almost everything.
I appreciate your thorough investigation into the Word of God.
The big bang is a theory. God is a fact.
I really liked what is written and honestly agree with the reasoning. May the Almighty broaden my mind to perceive and digest these facts.
awesome info keep up this good work
Interesting !!
Adam was perfect because it doesn’t say anywhere in the Bible that he had body aches and gray .
Only when ignorance, in the name of science, tries to be wiser than what scripture say, is when Gods Word is twisted, unto their own destruction
Dumbest thing I've ever read!
Wrong all wrong
Humans were around a lot longer the 4000 bc. Thats not even as old as Sumer the first proven civilization. Evidence strongly supports that civilization may have existed long before Sumer.
All present dating methods are based on assumptions that cannot be proven. The methods do not meet scientific requirements of being observable, repeatable, and testable. They can reliable determine chemical compositions, but they CANNOT reliably give age..
Very interesting
Blessings to you!!
I don't think I believe this
Bwahahahahaha!!! Religion, please go away and die.
This is awesome, very detailed information and totally makes sense, thanks for sharing!
I want to learn it all.
I can't wait to share this article with my grandson.
Love the study
God created everything that was created in six literal days.
You guys are doing an incredible job of bringing science The Bible together as one truth thank you Please continue this valuable work to awaken the public that the Bible and science are truly God's truth not contradicting each other
By observing ruins etc firsthand, my personal opinion is that man existed before Adam. Adam was the first God breathed His Spirit into.
Interesting topics. The bible is good for salvation but not for earth history
This is the best information a believer can get. Where can I donate. Big Bang is consistent to the Bible, great news. Let’s ge smart about religion. Saying the Bible is wrong has helped millions become non believers. This news can reinforce the beliefs in those who strive to believe but need a more firm and also scientific reasoning for the existence of a God. Great web site!
It's my first visit. Thanks for sharing.
Great Information. I've been teaching these studies for some time to hopefully help Christians have a true biblical world view and not just a churchy world view. Glad yall out there.
very well done.!!
You should just go away. You are preaching heresy.
praying Gods direction, provision, and anointing on this site and everyone, like me, blessed enough to have been led to it .
I'm preparing to teach my first Religious Instruction lesson for the year in a public Australian school tomorrow and we'll launch straight in to the creation story from the Bible. So thank you!! I feel confident now to answer any questions the kids might raise.
With this pandemic going on, I have many of these conversations with myself.
Thank you for this summary. Very large and difficult task and worth the time taken. I am a believer in Jesus Christ, His eternal life, His death burial and resurrection. I believe the Bible is the Word of God.
The main reason people believe that Adam was the first man is that is what someone told them. It’s man following man and not man reading the Bible for the truths that are in it.
Scientists lie to us. They lie about the age of the earth.
Thank you for your good work.
Thanks for the analysis
lov it
Would like to keep you on my site for further study. You made me think.
I love this web site. I have always wanted to know more about what the Bible means. Please, please keep expanding this site.
What you have said makes so much sense to me. I would love to read more of what you think.
Brilliant
Pure sophistry for the purpose of setting aside the claims of God upon us.
You are absolutely wrong
I appreciate this study.
Not sure what to think of this bible study. If nothing else it compels you to really dig deep and think,read and pray for understanding which I think is a good thing.
This is great. God has shown this to me some time ago, but you are the first that has ever confirmed it. God is good.
Yes, I agree there is a lot of evidence to substantiate what you say. I have often thought about this myself. Thank you for all the research you have done.
This site is a literal God send! I've been struggling with reconciliation of what scripture says and what I've been taught through various denominations and their individual traditions. I'm so grateful, honestly, to have permission to think critically and to allow the Holy Spirit to teach me directly.
Proof of the absurdity of ALL religions, thanks.
Interesting and thought provoking.
I want more information and I want bible study
I was just told about your website and it's so fascinating.
I am looking forward to reading through the rest of the Thinkers website. Thanks for investing in this work. It’s so important! Especially in these times. 
Found this to be very helpful. Answered my questions.
Yea
FInally someone uses their brain instead of emotions to explain what I have thought and tried to say for sooo long. Thank you!
Interesting to read. Will research further.
I have believed for many years what you have written here, but who among my friends and fellow-Christians will believe me? I stand alone. It took almost two hundred years before the church—or church members—believed that the earth was not the center of the universe. Will it take that long before Christians will believe that Adam and Eve were not the first humans created?
Very interesting to read.
Someone has never had a real encounter with God and does not know the assumptions he is making with the scientific evidence. Sad when you don't know either God or Science
Had to be people here before Adam, all the ancient buildings prove the civilizations were here. Many teens of thousands of years.
Nice to read a legitimate attempt to harmonize the traditions of the Bible with scientific discoveries.
I appreciate your efforts at presenting the Bible as an accurate portrayal of what science has found to be true.
I don’t think Adam was the first human on earth. I am 72 in age. Most people my age and older do not have this perception. But from my bible study I believe this Genesis points to others.
If for nothing else, this at least may cause someone to dig deeper.
The information that I read was very informative.
Beautifully done and very reasonable. I’ve been struggling with the contradictions in the Bible and science for years. I believe that there is a God but I wasn’t always sure if the Bible Was Gods word or man made. Thank you! Makes so much sense!
I'm a pastor in NE Ohio. Good stuff!!
Not bad, I'll have to check the Hebrew to double-triple check, for this kind of study the KJ is almost useless.
Very good explanation
This makes me better understand that you need to "dig deeper" in Bible study.
I am excited to have found this site when I was seeking the truth about Bible timelines. I have been forced to justify my beliefs by a pastor who has a very fundamental belief in God's seven days of creation.
About time!
awesome info keep up this good work
Thank you for the article! There are several nonbelievers in my life that I love deeply. My heart breaks for them. Every time I share my faith, I'm bombarded with science. Perhaps this will help. Thank you. God bless you.
I’m learning so much. Thank you.
As much nonsense and stupidity as I have heard since big bang or evolution.
Just came across your website, want to commend you on believing the Bible can and should be read as the Truth. I have always believed that if I cannot make sense out of the scriptures, it is my deficiently not the Bibles. God Bless.
This is from the devil. The Bible says Satan is a liar and the creater of it. This is a lie created by Satan to deceive people. Adam was the first man and the first sinner. His sin is what started death.
Loved it. Been saying it for years but nobody listened.
All bad things on the face of the earth are connected to sin , by one mans sin we were all condemned.
Much of what you share are things that have been revealed to me by the Spirit of God. Finally your site is out and does not counter Biblical script and does not hinder the Christian witness. Thank God.
Thank you for this most interesting discussion of genealogy re: the timing of the first man as relates to both the Bible as well as archaeology!!!
Amen Amen Amen!!!
I stumbled on your website recently, and was impressed by the scope of it and the balance evident in it.
Thank you. You have clarified how to teach what I have always believed. I didn’t know how to explain it to others.
Are these lessons available in printed form that can be purchased or that can be downloaded on line in a condensed version?
The problem with "science" today that too much of it is based on theory and not enough observation.
Thank you for your studies. I find them fascinating. And I will read more of your articles.
Your site is great for discussions and other questions about the bible. I hope that it continues.
You are very much on the right track.
Good points
Thank you for the work that goes into this site, and please keep the good material coming.
I really enjoy your site.
I am a Christian, and I have always been a “young earth” proponent. My son, also a Christian, is an “old earth” proponent, and we have debated this topic. After reading the content of this website thoroughly, I am willing to reconsider my position.
I find your explanation very compelling and appreciate that we do need to answer questions of unbelievers, there needs to be effort in this direction. So I thank you for your efforts
Thank you for this! I have had many conversations about science and Christianity. I am not very smart but now I am a little smarter.
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