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This site is for Christians wanting to learn how to answer the hard questions doubters and unbelievers are asking today
MACRO TOPIC 1.1

Can Christians believe the Big Bang?

Science now acknowledges the beginning

Big Bang in God's creation of universe
PURPOSE: Helping Christians engage in intelligent conversations with doubters and unbelievers

QUESTIONS

discussed on this page

Tough questions people are asking about the Bible and Big Bang:

Is the Big Bang compatible with the Bible? Why or why not? Does a Christian have to choose one or the other?

Scientists say the earth is billions of years old, but most Christians say only thousands of years. Who's right? Why?

Is there an inherent conflict between science and the Bible? Is science an enemy to Christian faith?

How can a Christian give an intelligent and compelling biblical answer to people who think that Christians – and the Bible – are flat-out wrong about age of the universe?

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WHY THIS MATTERS

Bible credibility and Christian witness

Problem for unbelievers

Most Christians just shrug off the questions here by saying, 'It doesn't matter to me whether the earth is young or old. Big Bang, or not. It doesn't make any difference.'

Woman wondering about Bible credibility

But this response misses the real issue: It's not about ME! It's about THEM!

Bible credibility is the issue. If the Bible is wrong about origin and age of the earth, doubters and unbelievers can reasonably conclude that it is probably wrong about other matters, too, and that the Bible cannot be trusted as a book of truth.

Similarly, personal testimony is greatly diminished if others think Christians are uneducated, naive, or brain-washed.

It's important to get it right about the earth in order to establish respect and influence.

Maybe the subject will never come up in open conversation, but every Christian should be ready if it does. Even if doubters don't raise the issue, they think about it! In some situations, a Christian should raise the issue just to flush out hidden misunderstandings and establish better rapport

FIRST WORDS IN THE BIBLE

'In the beginning ... '

'IN THE BEGINNING God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the face of the deep, and the spirit of God was hovering over the waters.' – Genesis 1:1-2
RESTATED IN TODAY'S LANGUAGE: God created the universe instantly with a release of divine energy beyond human comprehension, the Big Bang. Heat was so intense that everything was vapor and light could not penetrate it. Vapors eventually cooled to form the earth's core with a crust and a deep watery surface. God was getting ready to do something special here!

This is all the information the Bible provides about the creation of the universe. To say more would have created credibility issues for people in earlier times who didn't have the historical and scientific understanding we have today.


These first two verses of the Bible are just an introductory summary of God's creation. See life to earth in six stages called 'days,' in essentially the same sequence as modern science now explains it – written in the Bible more than 3,500 years ago!

BIBLE REPORTED BIG BANG FIRST

Science discovered it 3,500 years later

Old science was 'steady-state' until 1960's

Until the 1960s, scientists held to the steady-state theory that the universe had no beginning or end in time and that the earth has always existed in one form or another. They scoffed at the Bible for saying the earth had a beginning.

The first use of the term 'big bang' was by astronomer Fred Hoyle in a BBC broadcast in 1949 when he said that a new theory was being proposed by some radical astronomers 'based on the hypothesis that all matter in the universe was created in one big bang at a particular time in the remote past.' He argued against the theory and said it was 'irrational and outside science.'

However, as a result of better telescopes and computers, by the 1980s the 'Big Bang' had become the dominant explanation by astronomers and astrophysicists.

New science is 'Big Bang'

Today, the Big Bang is generally regarded as settled science.

The universe started with a 'singularity' (Christians say 'God'), then exploded, expanded and cooled over the next 13.8 billion years into the cosmos we know today – and it is still expanding!

NASA has calculated that In the first second after the universe began the surrounding temperature was more than10 billion degrees Fahrenheit!

Bible has been saying it for thousands of years

The Bible says that 'In the beginning' the earth was 'formless and empty.' Heat was so intense that everything was vapor – just gasses – and nothing was yet solid.

There was 'darkness over the face of the deep.' We now know that light cannot penetrate intense heat.

The 'spirit of God was hovering over the waters' (condensing steam and cooling crust): God was giving special attention to planet earth because He planned to do something very unique and special here, to create life.

The Big Bang is what scientists have been saying for less than 80 years but what the Bible has been saying for more than 3,500 years!

This gives us great confidence in the Bible because the writer of Genesis could not have known about the Big Bang that long ago except by special revelation from the Creator.

Churches are silent about it

One would think that churches would be enthusiastically telling parishioners about this very significant change in scientific understanding, which greatly strengthens the credibility of the Bible.

Instead, churches have been silent about it. Most Christians are completely unaware that science has changed its basic thinking and now agrees with the Bible regarding the instant creation of the universe.

This is a sad commentary on the underlying hostility between church and science, so strong that most pastors don't want to bring science into the conversation even when new findings support the Bible.

METHOD AND TIMING

makes God's creation even more awesome

Universe began externally, not within nature

There are no natural explanations for either the existence or the purpose of the universe.

Earth creation by God from outside of nature

If the Big Bang is the beginning of nature, then some intelligence and power outside of nature and greater than nature had to trigger the Big Bang, to start everything out of nothing, and to establish the predetermined laws of nuclear energy, physics, and chemistry that enabled it to develop with orderly precision.

Christians believe that divine intelligence and power is the only reasonable explanation for an instant universe of such magnitude, majesty, and precision.

Scientists call this source the 'singularity;' Christians know it as 'God.'

The Big Bang does not push God out of creation. It just explains God's method and timing. Like everything else scientific, God lets us learn more and more over time about His creation and how it works.

Earth was not created instantly in present form

Genesis 1:1-2 says that, at first, the earth was formless, empty, and dark. Now it has form, content, and light. Therefore we know from the Bible that the earth was NOT created instantly in its present form. Enormous changes have occurred over time in the earth's structure and content.

The only question is: How much time?

The Bible does not specifically tell in years when the Big Bang occurred, but scientists are now in agreement that it was approximately 13.8 billion years ago.

The earth (solid) is approximately 4.5 billion years old. Apparently, it took about 9.3 billion years – the time between Genesis 1:2 and Genesis 1:6 – for the gasses to cool and form a liquid core with solid crust covered mostly by water. Then God began shaping the earth and putting life on it.

See Bible study here on God's six stages of transformation.

The compiler/writer of Genesis could not have had this amazing scientific insight more than three thousand years ago without special revelation from the Designer/Creator.

 See Bible study here on why creation 'day' is more than 24-hours.

The earth is still cooling, a whirling glob of molten minerals, 8,000 miles in diameter, with a thin crust (typically 5-25 miles) that supports life. There is nothing like it anywhere else in the known universe.

And now there's spiritual life

The Bible and the scientific community are now in essential agreement about the beginning of our physical world.

But there's another part of our world that came later – the non-physical part, even more complex and wonderful than any physical BODY the human SOUL (mind, will, and emotion) and human SPIRIT (connection to God).

Topic 2.4 (future topic) will investigate from scripture how humans are made in the image of God: A human trinity (soul, body and spirit) which mirrors God's trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).

SCIENCE IS NOT THE ENEMY

Bible and science both seek truth

There is only one truth

There can be no difference between true science and true Christianity because both seek truthand there is only ONE TRUTH!

Science and Bible both seek truth

Science inquires into the physical, and Christianity inquires into the spiritual. They make different inquiries in different ways, but both are part of the same quest for truth.

Conflicts between science and the Bible have resulted from a lack of knowledge at particular times in history but are eventually resolved. For example:

World was flat. Christians fought the theory advanced by Pythagoras that the earth is round, not flat. They argued from four Bible verses that refer to 'the four corners of the earth.' The earth can't be round, they said, because the Bible says it has corners. And they argued from eight verses in the King James version about distance that say to 'the end of the earth.' The earth can't be round, they said, because it would then have no end. Christians once quibbled over 'corners' and 'ends' the way we quibble over 'days.'

World was stationary. Christians fought the theory advanced by Copernicus that the earth revolves around the sun. They believed that God made the earth the center of everything and argued from Psalm 104:5 ('He established the earth upon its foundations ...') and Psalm 93.2 ('... the earth is firmly established, it will not be moved'). They quibbled over 'established' and 'foundations' the way we quibble over 'days.'

Universe had no beginning. Similarly, on the other side, scientists rejected the Bible's teaching that the universe had a beginning. They claimed for centuries that the universe has always existed (steady-state theory), and they scoffed at Christians for believing that God spoke it into existence.

Eventually, Christians accepted the fact that the world is not flat and stationary ... and scientists have now accepted the fact that the universe had a beginning.

Conflicts in wording and understanding are usually resolved over time as we get more facts. Still, in the meantime, there have been many unnecessary battles that have undermined confidence in the Bible.

Today, a good study of both the Bible and science will reconcile God's word with God's world. Properly understood, science is just our growing understanding of God's marvelous creation.

Science makes the case for a single almighty God

Science and the Bible are not enemies.

In fact, science is making a case for belief in a single almighty Designer/Creator God – ONE GOD, not many Gods.

For most of human history, people believed in a pantheon of gods.

People believed that hurricanes, earthquakes, droughts, and diseases were the wrath of the angry gods who had to be appeased with offerings and rituals. Many early Christians were persecuted and even put to death because they did not honor the local gods and thus were blamed for bringing punishments upon the community.

Science has been a great help to Christianity by revealing a single master design plan, leaving no doubt that a pantheon of gods does NOT run the world and that natural disasters and illnesses are NOT caused by wrath of the gods but by natural laws emanating from an intelligent and predictable master plan for the universe.

For most people in the United States today, the choice is not which deity to worship, but whether or not to acknowledge and obey the ONE Designer/Creator God.

See Bible study here on one God only for this foundational Christian belief.

Christians inadvertently help science take the place of God

In stretching and defending the Bible, some Christians are actually degrading the Bible's authority and encouraging the rise of science as the new authority.

The Big Bang is a good example.

When Christians insist from tradition that the Bible says the universe was created less than 10,000 years ago all in one week – even though it really doesn't say that – it pits the Bible against science and makes them enemies of each other.

Instead, Christians should embrace new scientific discoveries and claim them as part of Christianity – as the design of our almighty God – rejoicing that God allows us to learn more and more about His marvelous creation every year. Discovery is vastly different from creation!

The chemical compounds, instruments, machines and structures that man has built from God's physical laws and atomic building blocks have made life better for everyone. They are gifts from God. No one wants to go back to primitive days.

Everyone knows instinctively from common sense that there is super-human intelligence and design behind the amazing discoveries.

Outwardly, largely due to career and social push-back against over-zealous Christians, most scientists simply say that life is a mystery, and they maintain an agnostic attitude toward God.

Scientists don't fight Christianity until Christians move into their domain and make stupid pronouncements that the scientists know to be false. For the most part, scientists are just trying to figure out how the physical world works.

Robot: Science is America's new god

By stretching the Bible and fighting science – rather than embracing science as progressive discovery of God's design – many Christians have set the stage for the terrible cultural shift that's occurring in American today.

Science is becoming America's new god!

In the Millennial and Gen Z generations – now more than half of the U.S. population – science IS god for most, and Christianity is increasingly regarded as old, unthinking, and irrelevant.

Christians are largely to blame for this seismic shift from Christianity to science because most Christians don't have the interest or courage to face the divisive issues and to re-read their Bibles in light of new knowledge. Christians are not prepared to answer the tough questions.

See the chart and statistics on this site showing how Christianity in America is in steep decline as older generations are dying off.

SCIENCE is discovery of God's physical design plan
THEOLOGY is discovery of God's spiritual design plan

FIVE REASONS

for believing Big Bang was real

✓ REASON 1. Bible said it first
Genesis 1:1-2 (quoted in yellow above), the first words of the Bible, describe the Big Bang. We could not deduce the full massive concept from those few words – and the concept would have been incomprehensible to ancient people – but now with help from modern science we see how everything began in an instant with the Big Bang, the moment when God spoke the universe into existence.
✓ REASON 2. Science now agrees
Until the mid to late 1900s, most scientists believed that the universe had always existed (steady-state) and rejected the idea that it had a beginning. Now, however, virtually all scientists agree that the universe had an instant beginning caused by a 'singularity' (Christians say 'God').
✓ REASON 3. Removes barrier to faith
Jesus gave Christians the commission to 'make disciples.' Christians often thwart the mission by erecting unnecessary barriers to faith. When doubters and unbelievers are told that the Bible says the universe is less than 10,000 years old – and they are convinced by modern knowledge that this is patently false – they assume that the Bible is wrong about other things, too.
✓ REASON 4. Enhances gospel
Accepting the Big Bang does not in any way alter Christology (birth, life, teaching, atonement and resurrection of Jesus Christ). Instead, the gospel message is enhanced because it is not tarnished with concerns that the Bible has been proven wrong by science.
✓ REASON 5. Honors God
A universe that unfolds with majestic precision over billions of years is even more marvelous than a universe put together as-is in a week. It diminishes God's creation when people say His creation is less amazing than it really is.
NEXT ►
 Is a Bible creation 'day' more than 24 hours?
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Thanks for your comments. Your thoughts are helpful to us. We are always learning.

You are anonymous, so no tracking, and we have no way to contact you.
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Right!
I will read this in its entirety. What I've read so far is right on according to my extensive studies over 27 years.
All present dating methods are based on assumptions that cannot be proven. The methods do not meet scientific requirements of being observable, repeatable, and testable. They can reliable determine chemical compositions, but they CANNOT reliably give age..
Thank you so much for confirming what I had always thought!!! Our Father makes wonderous wonders!!!
This is a fantastic article , thank you
Do you offer a textbook?
I appreciate this study.
When are more topics coming?
praying Gods direction, provision, and anointing on this site and everyone, like me, blessed enough to have been led to it .
Thank you for this! I have had many conversations about science and Christianity. I am not very smart but now I am a little smarter.
You’re freaking idiots led by Satan! Change the Bible, go to hell! Hope you enjoy it!
Thank you for this.It helps me understand my youngest grandchild(age 31). Also this affirms my teaching as a science teacher and pastor.
I appreciate your efforts at presenting the Bible as an accurate portrayal of what science has found to be true.
Thank you for this summary. Very large and difficult task and worth the time taken. I am a believer in Jesus Christ, His eternal life, His death burial and resurrection. I believe the Bible is the Word of God.
I have always thought this to be true but have never heard it said! Praise God!
I have struggled with references to people before Adam, and coordinating it with science. This makes sense to me. Thank you for helping me with my dilemma.
Yes
Would like to keep you on my site for further study. You made me think.
I wish to save this
Interesting and thought provoking, following a line of thinking that has interested me for years. To question traditional interpretation doesn't detract from the validity and power of scripture but reinforces it. Jesus was rejected by the religious experts of His day because He didn't fit the traditional interpreting of scripture. We still have much to learn.
I am looking forward to reading through the rest of the Thinkers website. Thanks for investing in this work. It’s so important! Especially in these times. 
Your site is full of heresy. Repent.
Interesting topics. The bible is good for salvation but not for earth history
Will this material be made available in print form for purchase?
Proof of the absurdity of ALL religions, thanks.
Your site is great for discussions and other questions about the bible. I hope that it continues.
Very,very informative! Thank you
Interesting and thought provoking.
Very insightful
Rational Evangelicals. Exellent.
Wish I could remember all this.
Fascinating and deightfully clear!
I really liked what is written and honestly agree with the reasoning. May the Almighty broaden my mind to perceive and digest these facts.
Since your website is new and still in the making, it leaves me excited yet hungry for more understanding.
Fascinating to think about. Here is something also to absorb. Let Us make man in Our image. Who is Us? Why not let Me make man in my image. Sounds plural to me. Thank you for the compelling argument Adam is not the first man:)
I have read all with an open mind. I heard bits and pieces of theory but never this much evidence.
I absolutly loved this! My daughter is a high school science teacher, and we are both christians. We had our own ideas of what scriptures say, and what actual physical science says. This brought ALOT to light! Thank you.
Thank you. I have visited this site before.
I'm preparing to teach my first Religious Instruction lesson for the year in a public Australian school tomorrow and we'll launch straight in to the creation story from the Bible. So thank you!! I feel confident now to answer any questions the kids might raise.
Loved it. Been saying it for years but nobody listened.
There are too many pastors and theologians who take the simplicity of God's Word and try to make it profound when they should be taking the profoundness of God's Word and making it simple.
It’s too bad that the Christian community cannot allow for mistranslation of both an ancient language and understanding of that language.
All bad things on the face of the earth are connected to sin , by one mans sin we were all condemned.
I really enjoy your site.
Thanks for the analysis
By observing ruins etc firsthand, my personal opinion is that man existed before Adam. Adam was the first God breathed His Spirit into.
Mainstream science is wrong about almost everything.
I want to learn it all.
Amazing! I have been studying this subject and drafting a book for about 5 years. I discovered your web site today. In those 5 years, I have come to many of the same concepts as you. Good job folks.
I’m learning so much. Thank you.
Good points
Very interesting
I like that explanation it makes since it has scientific evidence to back it up
I found this to be extremely informative. I'd always had doubts about the "original sin" and being punished for my ancestors sins, but this explained why "original sin" doesn't really exist in a way that resonated with me. Thank you. I will definitely check this site more often.
Blessings to you!!
You have answered so many questions for me! Thank you!
I recently discovered your bible studies website and I just want to thank you for your initiative in establishing this study resource.
I find your explanation very compelling and appreciate that we do need to answer questions of unbelievers, there needs to be effort in this direction. So I thank you for your efforts
The main reason people believe that Adam was the first man is that is what someone told them. It’s man following man and not man reading the Bible for the truths that are in it.
Love the study
I do not believe in a Supreme Being who created us in his image and likeness as quoted in the bible
Excellent reading
I am a Christian, and I have always been a “young earth” proponent. My son, also a Christian, is an “old earth” proponent, and we have debated this topic. After reading the content of this website thoroughly, I am willing to reconsider my position.
These explanations make real sense.
Since your website is new and still in the making, it leaves me excited yet hungry for more understanding. Thank you so much for putting your website together to help those of us asking questions about traditional lines of thinking. I look forward to reading more!
Thanks, This is what I needed. I can't get enough of this marvelous study.
The problem with "science" today that too much of it is based on theory and not enough observation.
Thank you for your good work.
Thank you for the article! There are several nonbelievers in my life that I love deeply. My heart breaks for them. Every time I share my faith, I'm bombarded with science. Perhaps this will help. Thank you. God bless you.
Just came across your website, want to commend you on believing the Bible can and should be read as the Truth. I have always believed that if I cannot make sense out of the scriptures, it is my deficiently not the Bibles. God Bless.
Thank you for the Bible verses about hell. This is a very difficult subject that many people that believe in Christ have adopted as truth. I have yet to understand why.
Death and suffering had not taken place until the original sin, so no one was before Adam.
About time!
Had to be people here before Adam, all the ancient buildings prove the civilizations were here. Many teens of thousands of years.
Fully embrace this information. By the Spirit I have been convinced before reading this. Any serious thinker who is honest and observant will become agnostic in trying to remain with the ultra conservative ideas of literal six day creation. What a beautiful creation was being made by a glorious intelligent designer!
No scripture to back up your words.
Either believe the world or believe God. We cannot have both.
Trying to reinterpret the Bible according to man’s interpretations that are based on unprovable assumptions destroys the authority of the Bible. God was there. Man was not.
What a great and informative article! This information is invaluable when discussing biblical concepts with others, both Christian and non-Christian.
This is heresy. I hope you repent and trust the Scriptures.
This is wonderful. Would like to read more.
Excellent points here.
False teaching. Repent
Thank you. You have clarified how to teach what I have always believed. I didn’t know how to explain it to others.
I was just told about your website and it's so fascinating.
Not sure what to think of this bible study. If nothing else it compels you to really dig deep and think,read and pray for understanding which I think is a good thing.
Someone has never had a real encounter with God and does not know the assumptions he is making with the scientific evidence. Sad when you don't know either God or Science
An extremely good read.Would like very much to hear more.
Adam was the first person on this earth bottom line
Thank you for a good read on this subject: the indisputable existence of humanoids and civilizations before Adam.
Your Thinkers site is the best Bible site I've come across.
Bullshit. Just utter bullshit.
You guys are doing an incredible job of bringing science The Bible together as one truth thank you Please continue this valuable work to awaken the public that the Bible and science are truly God's truth not contradicting each other
Very interesting, food for thought. I have often wondered about this and have had many questions Thanks
What you have said makes so much sense to me. I would love to read more of what you think.
I ran across your website this morning. At age 50, I lead a women's Bible Study in Florida. I am at a place where I am questioning so many things about what I have been taught - traditions handed down for generations. To continue teaching is becoming challenging. I have a daughter who is also a believer but wrestles aloud with questions concerning Adam and original sin, eternal hell with eternal suffering, etc. Honestly, I think her wrestling has led me to stop and think more. So now I am seeking…
This makes me better understand that you need to "dig deeper" in Bible study.
Thank you for this most interesting discussion of genealogy re: the timing of the first man as relates to both the Bible as well as archaeology!!!
Not only do I thoroughly enjoy the topics you discuss but also the motivation behind their writing.
Thanks you so much for your willingness to put your website together to help those of us asking questions about traditional lines of thinking. I look forward to reading more!
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