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This site is for thoughtful Christians learning how to answer the hard questions people are asking today
MACRO TOPIC 1.1

Can Christians believe the Big Bang?

Science now acknowledges the beginning

Big Bang in God's creation of universe
PURPOSE: Helping Christians engage in intelligent conversations with doubters and unbelievers

QUESTIONS

discussed on this page

Tough questions people are asking about the Bible and Big Bang:

Is the Big Bang compatible with the Bible? Why or why not? Does a Christian have to choose one or the other?

Scientists say the earth is billions of years old, but most Christians say only thousands of years. Who's right? Why?

Is there an inherent conflict between science and the Bible? Is science an enemy to Christian faith?

How can a Christian give an intelligent and compelling biblical answer to people who think that Christians – and the Bible – are flat-out wrong about age of the universe?

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WHY THIS MATTERS

Bible credibility and Christian witness

Problem for unbelievers

Most Christians just shrug off the questions here by saying, 'It doesn't matter to me whether the earth is young or old. Big Bang, or not. It doesn't make any difference.'

Woman wondering about Bible credibility

But this response misses the real issue: It's not about ME! It's about THEM!

Bible credibility is the issue. If the Bible is wrong about origin and age of the earth, doubters and unbelievers can reasonably conclude that it is probably wrong about other matters, too, and that the Bible cannot be trusted as a book of truth.

Similarly, personal testimony is greatly diminished if others think Christians are uneducated, naive, or brain-washed.

It's important to get it right about the earth in order to establish respect and influence.

Maybe the subject will never come up in open conversation, but every Christian should be ready if it does. Even if doubters don't raise the issue, they think about it! In some situations, a Christian should raise the issue just to flush out hidden misunderstandings and establish better rapport

FIRST WORDS IN THE BIBLE

'In the beginning ... '

'IN THE BEGINNING God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the face of the deep, and the spirit of God was hovering over the waters.' – Genesis 1:1-2
RESTATED IN TODAY'S LANGUAGE: God created the universe instantly with a release of divine energy beyond human comprehension, the Big Bang. Heat was so intense that everything was vapor and light could not penetrate it. Vapors eventually cooled to form the earth's core with a crust and a deep watery surface. God was getting ready to do something special here!

This is all the information the Bible provides about the creation of the universe. To say more would have created credibility issues for people in earlier times who didn't have the historical and scientific understanding we have today.


These first two verses of the Bible are just an introductory summary of God's creation. See life to earth in six stages called 'days,' in essentially the same sequence as modern science now explains it – written in the Bible more than 3,500 years ago!

BIBLE REPORTED BIG BANG FIRST

Science discovered it 3,500 years later

Old science was 'steady-state' until 1960's

Until the 1960s, scientists held to the steady-state theory that the universe had no beginning or end in time and that the earth has always existed in one form or another. They scoffed at the Bible for saying the earth had a beginning.

The first use of the term 'big bang' was by astronomer Fred Hoyle in a BBC broadcast in 1949 when he said that a new theory was being proposed by some radical astronomers 'based on the hypothesis that all matter in the universe was created in one big bang at a particular time in the remote past.' He argued against the theory and said it was 'irrational and outside science.'

However, as a result of better telescopes and computers, by the 1980s the 'Big Bang' had become the dominant explanation by astronomers and astrophysicists.

New science is 'Big Bang'

Today, the Big Bang is generally regarded as settled science.

The universe started with a 'singularity' (Christians say 'God'), then exploded, expanded and cooled over the next 13.8 billion years into the cosmos we know today – and it is still expanding!

NASA has calculated that In the first second after the universe began the surrounding temperature was more than10 billion degrees Fahrenheit!

Bible has been saying it for thousands of years

The Bible says that 'In the beginning' the earth was 'formless and empty.' Heat was so intense that everything was vapor – just gasses – and nothing was yet solid.

There was 'darkness over the face of the deep.' We now know that light cannot penetrate intense heat.

The 'spirit of God was hovering over the waters' (condensing steam and cooling crust): God was giving special attention to planet earth because He planned to do something very unique and special here, to create life.

The Big Bang is what scientists have been saying for less than 80 years but what the Bible has been saying for more than 3,500 years!

This gives us great confidence in the Bible because the writer of Genesis could not have known about the Big Bang that long ago except by special revelation from the Creator.

Churches are silent about it

One would think that churches would be enthusiastically telling parishioners about this very significant change in scientific understanding, which greatly strengthens the credibility of the Bible.

Instead, churches have been silent about it. Most Christians are completely unaware that science has changed its basic thinking and now agrees with the Bible regarding the instant creation of the universe.

This is a sad commentary on the underlying hostility between church and science, so strong that most pastors don't want to bring science into the conversation even when new findings support the Bible.

METHOD AND TIMING

makes God's creation even more awesome

Universe began externally, not within nature

There are no natural explanations for either the existence or the purpose of the universe.

Earth creation by God from outside of nature

If the Big Bang is the beginning of nature, then some intelligence and power outside of nature and greater than nature had to trigger the Big Bang, to start everything out of nothing, and to establish the predetermined laws of nuclear energy, physics, and chemistry that enabled it to develop with orderly precision.

Christians believe that divine intelligence and power is the only reasonable explanation for an instant universe of such magnitude, majesty, and precision.

Scientists call this source the 'singularity;' Christians know it as 'God.'

The Big Bang does not push God out of creation. It just explains God's method and timing. Like everything else scientific, God lets us learn more and more over time about His creation and how it works.

Earth was not created instantly in present form

Genesis 1:1-2 says that, at first, the earth was formless, empty, and dark. Now it has form, content, and light. Therefore we know from the Bible that the earth was NOT created instantly in its present form. Enormous changes have occurred over time in the earth's structure and content.

The only question is: How much time?

The Bible does not specifically tell in years when the Big Bang occurred, but scientists are now in agreement that it was approximately 13.8 billion years ago.

The earth (solid) is approximately 4.5 billion years old. Apparently, it took about 9.3 billion years – the time between Genesis 1:2 and Genesis 1:6 – for the gasses to cool and form a liquid core with solid crust covered mostly by water. Then God began shaping the earth and putting life on it.

See Bible study here on God's six stages of transformation.

The compiler/writer of Genesis could not have had this amazing scientific insight more than three thousand years ago without special revelation from the Designer/Creator.

 See Bible study here on why creation 'day' is more than 24-hours.

The earth is still cooling, a whirling glob of molten minerals, 8,000 miles in diameter, with a thin crust (typically 5-25 miles) that supports life. There is nothing like it anywhere else in the known universe.

And now there's spiritual life

The Bible and the scientific community are now in essential agreement about the beginning of our physical world.

But there's another part of our world that came later – the non-physical part, even more complex and wonderful than any physical BODY the human SOUL (mind, will, and emotion) and human SPIRIT (connection to God).

Topic 2.4 (future topic) will investigate from scripture how humans are made in the image of God: A human trinity (soul, body and spirit) which mirrors God's trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).

SCIENCE IS NOT THE ENEMY

Bible and science both seek truth

There is only one truth

There can be no difference between true science and true Christianity because both seek truthand there is only ONE TRUTH!

Science and Bible both seek truth

Science inquires into the physical, and Christianity inquires into the spiritual. They make different inquiries in different ways, but both are part of the same quest for truth.

Conflicts between science and the Bible have resulted from a lack of knowledge at particular times in history but are eventually resolved. For example:

World was flat. Christians fought the theory advanced by Pythagoras that the earth is round, not flat. They argued from four Bible verses that refer to 'the four corners of the earth.' The earth can't be round, they said, because the Bible says it has corners. And they argued from eight verses in the King James version about distance that say to 'the end of the earth.' The earth can't be round, they said, because it would then have no end. Christians once quibbled over 'corners' and 'ends' the way we quibble over 'days.'

World was stationary. Christians fought the theory advanced by Copernicus that the earth revolves around the sun. They believed that God made the earth the center of everything and argued from Psalm 104:5 ('He established the earth upon its foundations ...') and Psalm 93.2 ('... the earth is firmly established, it will not be moved'). They quibbled over 'established' and 'foundations' the way we quibble over 'days.'

Universe had no beginning. Similarly, on the other side, scientists rejected the Bible's teaching that the universe had a beginning. They claimed for centuries that the universe has always existed (steady-state theory), and they scoffed at Christians for believing that God spoke it into existence.

Eventually, Christians accepted the fact that the world is not flat and stationary ... and scientists have now accepted the fact that the universe had a beginning.

Conflicts in wording and understanding are usually resolved over time as we get more facts. Still, in the meantime, there have been many unnecessary battles that have undermined confidence in the Bible.

Today, a good study of both the Bible and science will reconcile God's word with God's world. Properly understood, science is just our growing understanding of God's marvelous creation.

Science makes the case for a single almighty God

Science and the Bible are not enemies.

In fact, science is making a case for belief in a single almighty Designer/Creator God – ONE GOD, not many Gods.

For most of human history, people believed in a pantheon of gods.

People believed that hurricanes, earthquakes, droughts, and diseases were the wrath of the angry gods who had to be appeased with offerings and rituals. Many early Christians were persecuted and even put to death because they did not honor the local gods and thus were blamed for bringing punishments upon the community.

Science has been a great help to Christianity by revealing a single master design plan, leaving no doubt that a pantheon of gods does NOT run the world and that natural disasters and illnesses are NOT caused by wrath of the gods but by natural laws emanating from an intelligent and predictable master plan for the universe.

For most people in the United States today, the choice is not which deity to worship, but whether or not to acknowledge and obey the ONE Designer/Creator God.

See Bible study here on one God only for this foundational Christian belief.

Christians inadvertently help science take the place of God

In stretching and defending the Bible, some Christians are actually degrading the Bible's authority and encouraging the rise of science as the new authority.

The Big Bang is a good example.

When Christians insist from tradition that the Bible says the universe was created less than 10,000 years ago all in one week – even though it really doesn't say that – it pits the Bible against science and makes them enemies of each other.

Instead, Christians should embrace new scientific discoveries and claim them as part of Christianity – as the design of our almighty God – rejoicing that God allows us to learn more and more about His marvelous creation every year. Discovery is vastly different from creation!

The chemical compounds, instruments, machines and structures that man has built from God's physical laws and atomic building blocks have made life better for everyone. They are gifts from God. No one wants to go back to primitive days.

Everyone knows instinctively from common sense that there is super-human intelligence and design behind the amazing discoveries.

Outwardly, largely due to career and social push-back against over-zealous Christians, most scientists simply say that life is a mystery, and they maintain an agnostic attitude toward God.

Scientists don't fight Christianity until Christians move into their domain and make stupid pronouncements that the scientists know to be false. For the most part, scientists are just trying to figure out how the physical world works.

Robot: Science is America's new god

By stretching the Bible and fighting science – rather than embracing science as progressive discovery of God's design – many Christians have set the stage for the terrible cultural shift that's occurring in American today.

Science is becoming America's new god!

In the Millennial and Gen Z generations – now more than half of the U.S. population – science IS god for most, and Christianity is increasingly regarded as old, unthinking, and irrelevant.

Christians are largely to blame for this seismic shift from Christianity to science because most Christians don't have the interest or courage to face the divisive issues and to re-read their Bibles in light of new knowledge. Christians are not prepared to answer the tough questions.

See the chart and statistics on this site showing how Christianity in America is in steep decline as older generations are dying off.

SCIENCE is discovery of God's physical design plan
THEOLOGY is discovery of God's spiritual design plan

FIVE REASONS

for believing Big Bang was real

✓ REASON 1. Bible said it first
Genesis 1:1-2 (quoted in yellow above), the first words of the Bible, describe the Big Bang. We could not deduce the full massive concept from those few words – and the concept would have been incomprehensible to ancient people – but now with help from modern science we see how everything began in an instant with the Big Bang, the moment when God spoke the universe into existence.
✓ REASON 2. Science now agrees
Until the mid to late 1900s, most scientists believed that the universe had always existed (steady-state) and rejected the idea that it had a beginning. Now, however, virtually all scientists agree that the universe had an instant beginning caused by a 'singularity' (Christians say 'God').
✓ REASON 3. Removes barrier to faith
Jesus gave Christians the commission to 'make disciples.' Christians often thwart the mission by erecting unnecessary barriers to faith. When doubters and unbelievers are told that the Bible says the universe is less than 10,000 years old – and they are convinced by modern knowledge that this is patently false – they assume that the Bible is wrong about other things, too.
✓ REASON 4. Enhances gospel
Accepting the Big Bang does not in any way alter Christology (birth, life, teaching, atonement and resurrection of Jesus Christ). Instead, the gospel message is enhanced because it is not tarnished with concerns that the Bible has been proven wrong by science.
✓ REASON 5. Honors God
A universe that unfolds with majestic precision over billions of years is even more marvelous than a universe put together as-is in a week. It diminishes God's creation when people say His creation is less amazing than it really is.
NEXT ►
 Is a Bible creation 'day' more than 24 hours?
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Thanks for your comments. Your thoughts are helpful to us. We are always learning.

You are anonymous, so no tracking, and we have no way to contact you.
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THANK YOU. You are helping me to understand so much more! I have always questioned, and for the first time, feel I am getting answers, or at least more of an insight to my own feelings and beliefs.
Amen Amen Amen!!!
I will read this in its entirety. What I've read so far is right on according to my extensive studies over 27 years.
These explanations make real sense.
Wrong all wrong
I ran across your website this morning. At age 50, I lead a women's Bible Study in Florida. I am at a place where I am questioning so many things about what I have been taught - traditions handed down for generations. To continue teaching is becoming challenging. I have a daughter who is also a believer but wrestles aloud with questions concerning Adam and original sin, eternal hell with eternal suffering, etc. Honestly, I think her wrestling has led me to stop and think more. So now I am seeking…
Thank you. I have visited this site before.
Don't know, don't need to know. It'll all be revealed by & by.
Proof of the absurdity of ALL religions, thanks.
I have struggled with references to people before Adam, and coordinating it with science. This makes sense to me. Thank you for helping me with my dilemma.
Only when ignorance, in the name of science, tries to be wiser than what scripture say, is when Gods Word is twisted, unto their own destruction
You should just go away. You are preaching heresy.
I am excited to have found this site when I was seeking the truth about Bible timelines. I have been forced to justify my beliefs by a pastor who has a very fundamental belief in God's seven days of creation.
I discovered this site while I was at work. I will take time out and read through it. I think it is very interesting and it's good to know so I hope and pray that I can and will be able to venture a little bit more. Thank you and continue to have a blessed and prosperous day.
I absolutly loved this! My daughter is a high school science teacher, and we are both christians. We had our own ideas of what scriptures say, and what actual physical science says. This brought ALOT to light! Thank you.
About time!
Fully embrace this information. By the Spirit I have been convinced before reading this. Any serious thinker who is honest and observant will become agnostic in trying to remain with the ultra conservative ideas of literal six day creation. What a beautiful creation was being made by a glorious intelligent designer!
I have believed for many years what you have written here, but who among my friends and fellow-Christians will believe me? I stand alone. It took almost two hundred years before the church—or church members—believed that the earth was not the center of the universe. Will it take that long before Christians will believe that Adam and Eve were not the first humans created?
Thank you for the Bible verses about hell. This is a very difficult subject that many people that believe in Christ have adopted as truth. I have yet to understand why.
Very good and educational, explaining how it all connects and coincides with the Bible’s account.
God bless.
Amen. Thank you.
Thank you for letting me know. Opened up my mind.
I am eagerly awaiting more topics.
Just another Satanic attempt to change God's WORD. More likely made up of Liberal Kids that don't know any better.
Adam was the first man created to have a living soul.
Thank you for this.It helps me understand my youngest grandchild(age 31). Also this affirms my teaching as a science teacher and pastor.
Bwahahahahaha!!! Religion, please go away and die.
I hope this excellent presentation penetrates the evangelical church where sadly a majority of Christians believe that the Big Bang is an atheistic concept rather the Fingerprint of God that it is!
Fascinating and deightfully clear!
Thank you for your wonderful website. I have linked to it from my own. I'm looking forward to your expanding list of subjects.
Please pray for me as I ponder the input you've provided online.
This is great stuff!!
You have answered so many questions for me! Thank you!
Please let me know if it is available in a hardcover or paperback book.
I really enjoyed this article. I found it very insightful as well as challenging.
I do not believe in a Supreme Being who created us in his image and likeness as quoted in the bible
I love this web site. I have always wanted to know more about what the Bible means. Please, please keep expanding this site.
You are absolutely wrong
Great Information. I've been teaching these studies for some time to hopefully help Christians have a true biblical world view and not just a churchy world view. Glad yall out there.
awesome info keep up this good work
Scientists lie to us. They lie about the age of the earth.
Right!
Yes, I agree there is a lot of evidence to substantiate what you say. I have often thought about this myself. Thank you for all the research you have done.
This is heresy. I hope you repent and trust the Scriptures.
It's my first visit. Thanks for sharing.
I agree there had to have been other people before Adam. The sons had children, with whom? Certainly not with their own mother or the gene pool would have died out.
I admit that I have some struggles with your interweaving of science and the Bible, but that will not stop me from reading and considering the material.
Great information, it is worth further studies. Kept up the good work, all of us need to read and study the bible more including me. We need to remember Christ is the Only Way to eternal life.
Will this material be made available in print form for purchase?
This is a great Bible study, it explains everything perfectly so there is no confusion anywhere, it just helps understanding the Bible and God's word so well.
Love the study
This is a very interesting read and I'm going to be reading it again. 
Not sure what to think of this bible study. If nothing else it compels you to really dig deep and think,read and pray for understanding which I think is a good thing.
lov it
The information that I read was very informative.
Thanks for the analysis
Thank you for the work that goes into this site, and please keep the good material coming.
I'm preparing to teach my first Religious Instruction lesson for the year in a public Australian school tomorrow and we'll launch straight in to the creation story from the Bible. So thank you!! I feel confident now to answer any questions the kids might raise.
Thank you for this most interesting discussion of genealogy re: the timing of the first man as relates to both the Bible as well as archaeology!!!
False teaching. Repent
O my how i wish i could find a friend would be willing to discuss the bible openly with me.
I like it! I always wondered about the dinosaurs, and whether other people lived before Adam. You see, the Bible says that Cain was worried about being slain by other people. So, what does that tell you? It's more to the Bible than some clergymen are letting on.
My views on original sin have changed. Romans 5:12 says "all men die because all have sinned". What it doesn't say is "all men die because Adam sinned".
Not bad, I'll have to check the Hebrew to double-triple check, for this kind of study the KJ is almost useless.
I applaud you on your studies and have to say that I do not disagree with what I have read. You seemed to have covered this subject very thoroughly.
Yes there were people before Adam, the cave Men and the ice Age.
Do you offer a textbook?
I am a person that right now I don't practice any religion whatsoever. Very interesting, thank you
I want to learn it all.
You guys are doing an incredible job of bringing science The Bible together as one truth thank you Please continue this valuable work to awaken the public that the Bible and science are truly God's truth not contradicting each other
Very good
Interesting !!
Have always believed in this way ,read and ask for understanding and it will be given to you.
Your are wrong
2nd law of thermodynamics disproves big bang & evolution.
Thank you for your good work.
Thanks you so much for your willingness to put your website together to help those of us asking questions about traditional lines of thinking. I look forward to reading more!
Fascinating to think about. Here is something also to absorb. Let Us make man in Our image. Who is Us? Why not let Me make man in my image. Sounds plural to me. Thank you for the compelling argument Adam is not the first man:)
By observing ruins etc firsthand, my personal opinion is that man existed before Adam. Adam was the first God breathed His Spirit into.
Very interesting
This site is a literal God send! I've been struggling with reconciliation of what scripture says and what I've been taught through various denominations and their individual traditions. I'm so grateful, honestly, to have permission to think critically and to allow the Holy Spirit to teach me directly.
As much nonsense and stupidity as I have heard since big bang or evolution.
The main reason people believe that Adam was the first man is that is what someone told them. It’s man following man and not man reading the Bible for the truths that are in it.
One of the best study sites I have found!
Would like to keep you on my site for further study. You made me think.
I have read all with an open mind. I heard bits and pieces of theory but never this much evidence.
Interesting to read. Will research further.
I appreciate your thorough investigation into the Word of God.
What a great and informative article! This information is invaluable when discussing biblical concepts with others, both Christian and non-Christian.
Not only do I thoroughly enjoy the topics you discuss but also the motivation behind their writing.
I don’t think Adam was the first human on earth. I am 72 in age. Most people my age and older do not have this perception. But from my bible study I believe this Genesis points to others.
When are more topics coming?
Are these lessons available in printed form that can be purchased or that can be downloaded on line in a condensed version?
I love the premise of this site and its focus on engaging the modern doubter or unbeliever, and can't wait to see the new material that is planned.
Scientists make mistakes, and when the scientists' beliefs don't match the Bible then God's word, the Bible, is right, and the scientists are wrong.
Does the bible really say humans will burn forever in hell or is it really more like thrown in the fire and destroyed? Ps I already know the answer!
The problem with "science" today that too much of it is based on theory and not enough observation.
I am looking forward to reading through the rest of the Thinkers website. Thanks for investing in this work. It’s so important! Especially in these times. 
Of course. If Adam and Eve were the only humans and had children, who did the children copulate with? If it was each other, then everyone would have mental defects. The Adam & Eve story is just the beginning of the Old Testament.
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Helping Christians engage in intelligent and persuasive conversations with doubters and unbelievers